|| Managing Anger at the Childcare
Center & School
As children grow up, they express anger in different ways at different
ages. Teachers and early childhood professionals can help young
children learn to manage their anger in ways appropriate to their
age and development. The following generally describes these stages
- Babies. Babies get angry because they are hungry, sick,
or are startled by a loud noise. They show anger by crying and
thrashing their arms and legs, attracting adults to their aid.
- Toddlers. Toddlers can be easily frustrated when they
cannot do what they want. They have limited language skills but
can begin to communicate their feelings with few words. Since
they can't control their emotions very well, tantrums may occur.
- Children from about ages 3 to 5. Children gradually understand
more and get angry about what people say, as well as what they
do. They express themselves better and begin to aim their aggression
at hurting someone else by actionslike hittingor using
- Children from about ages 6 to 8. Children should be able
to learn to control their anger and channel it to resolve unfair
situations. They can understand another person's point of view
and feelings, and they value belonging and acceptance by peers.
But children can learn from teachers and other adults around them
how to manage anger. This teaches them how to get long with others
and helps their success at school. Since young children learn by
watching the adults around them, teachers need to control their
own anger as examples to young children of how to behave. The basic
violence prevention messages are:
- It's okay to be angry.
- There are "okay" ways and "not okay" ways
to show your anger.
- It's not okay to hurt anyone, to break things, or to hurt pets
when you are angry.
- It's okay to tell someone that you are angry.
- There are ways to calm yourself when you are angry.
The resources to the right can help teachers learn more about teaching
anger management to children, developing anger management skills
for themselves, and working with individual children and the classroom
as a whole.
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